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 HOME > Nuclear Medicine
 

Nuclear Medicine is a medical specialty that uses safe, painless and cost effective techniques using small amount of radioactive substances both to image the body and treat diseases. The amount of radiation from a nuclear procedure is comparable to that received during a diagnostic x-ray.
Unlike conventional radiological imaging, nuclear medicine investigations primarily show the physiologic function or the functional anatomy of the system being investigated. Ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) continue to define disease on the basis of abnormal structure. Single photon emission tomography (SPECT) permits 3D reconstruction of data, increasing the sensitivity and anatomical localization of lesions in the heart, skeleton and brain.

Diagnostic imaging of the heart, lungs, brain, thyroid, stomach, salivary glands, liver, kidneys, bone, adrenal glands as well as sites of occult infection, is achieved using state of art Latest Gamma Camera (SPECT-CT) with tomographic facilities linked to computer systems.
 

WHAT ARE COMMON USES?

We use radionuclide imaging procedures to visualize the structure and function of an organ, tissue, bone or system of the body.
Nuclear medicine imaging scans are performed to:
  • visualize heart blood flow and function (such as a myocardial perfusion scan)
  • assess  kidney function
  • scan lungs for blood flow problems
  • identify inflammation in the gallbladder
  • assess bones for fractures, infection, arthritis and tumors
  • determine the presence or spread of cancer in various parts of the body
  • identify bleeding into the bowel
  • locate the presence of infection
  • assess thyroid function to detect an overactive or underactive thyroid
  • investigate abnormalities in the brain, such as seizures, memory loss and abnormalities in blood flow
  • localize the lymph nodes before surgery in patients with breast cancer or melanoma
Nuclear medicine therapies include:
  • Radioactive iodine (I-131) therapy used to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland, for example, Graves' disease) and thyroid cancer

  • Radioactive phosphorus (P-32) used to treat certain blood disorders
  • Radioactive materials(P-32 and Sr-89) used to treat painful tumor metastases to the bone

HOW SHOULD I PREPARE?

Women should always inform their physician or technologist if there is any possibility that they are pregnant or if they are breastfeeding their baby. You should inform your physician and the technologist performing your exam of any medications you are taking.
You will receive specific instructions based on the type of scan you are undergoing.
 

WHAT DOES THE EQUIPMENT LOOK LIKE?

Most nuclear medicine procedures are performed using a gamma camera, a specialized camera encased in metal that is capable of detecting radiation and taking pictures from different angles, similar in appearance to a computed tomography (CT) scanner.

A computer aids in creating the images from the data obtained by the camera or scanner.

There is no specialized equipment used during radioactive iodine therapy.

 

 
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